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ABC 098 — Herat from Kutubchak Gate

Left part of a panoramic view of Herat. In the lower right corner a water basin, at its border some men in traditional clothes. On the left side the entrance, with a whitewashed pointed arch, to a courtyard with a big bushy tree. Behind the structured wall, a row of single-storied houses with domed roofs is under construction. These could be the new infantry barracks, mentioned on the Niedermayer plan of Herat. In the right background the eastern ivan of the Masjed-e juma. In the left background the huge enclosing city wall. The right part of the panorama is ABC 097.
[List:] 98. View of Herat City from Kutub Chak gate.
[Photo, recto:] C.L. Griesbach.
  • Owen, Charles (1884-86): Transcript of diary and letters, p. 252: “22 Jul [1885] Wednesday. Durand, Holdich and Peacocke went into Herat. […] Sent draftsman into Herat. […]”; letter to Mrs CW Owen (dated 22 July 1885), “[…] Ridgeway, Durand, Yate, Holdich, Peacocke and myself are here in a village outside Herat where we marched yesterday morning. Durand and the REs [Royal Engineers] have gone to the fortifications and we are busy with the thousand and one things which constitute our daily work. […]”; p. 256: “25 Jul [1885] Saturday. Had a good deal of work in Hosp. Durand, Holdich, Peacocke returned from Herat. Fortifications getting on. The workmen and troops are all delighted at earning a kran a day. The party met with nothing but respect, notwithstanding previous reports. […]”; “26 Jul [1885] […] Griesbach took 14 photographs of Herat. […]”
  • The Illustrated London News, Vol. 86 (1885/1), March 14, p. 284: engraving of Herat.
  • The Graphic, Vol. 32 (1885/2), August 15, p. 173: engraving of the Kutubchak Gate.
  • M.H.L. (1886): La Russie et l’Angleterre en Asie centrale. d’après la brochure de M. Lessar, p. 186: “En arrière de la ligne même de l’enceinte, qui se compose de 14 bastions, on trouve les forts d’Abdoul-Ment, Kourroum-Béi, Kouttab-Tchaik et Fellakh-Khan, qui dominent cette enceinte et qui complètent les défenses des faces nord, sud, est et ouest.”
  • Holdich, T.H. (1885): Afghan Boundary Commission; Geographical Notes, pp. 275-276: description of Herat.
  • Stewart, C.E. (1886): The Herat valley and the Persian Border, pp. 146-148: description of the city of Herat and its surrounding on the occasion of the first visit by British officers.
  • Peacocke, W. (1887): Diary of Captain Peacocke, p. 53 and p. 407: the Kutubchak Gate is mentioned.
  • Yate, A.C. (1887): Travels with the Afghan Boundary Commission, pp. 139-140: description of the four gates.
  • Yate, C.E. (1888): Northern Afghanistan or Letters from the Afghan Boundary Commission, pp. 25-42: detailed description of Herat and its gates; p. 26: “The northern face has two gates, known respectively as the Malik and the Kutabchak - the bastions round the former bearing the mark of many a shot. […]”
  • Holdich, T.H. (1901): The Indian Borderland, pl.f.p. 139: drawing “Northern gates of Herat”.
  • Niedermayer, O.; Diez, E. (1924): Afganistan, Plan 3: Plan von Herat.
  • Adamec, L.W. (1975): Herat and north-western Afghanistan, pp. 160-179: Herat.
  • Ball, W. (1981): Archaeological Gazetteer of Afghanistan, pp. 123-125: Herat.
Bild Nr.
ABC 098
Afghan Boundary Commission 1884-86
ABC 2, Photographs 058 to 116
Sepia print, 149/204 mm
faded, margins faded, some mouldy spots
Ort, Datum
Herat, July 26, 1885
  • 1.57 Pictures of Landscapes, Cities
  • 2001. Shahr-i-Herat
  • 4.365 Abdur Rahman Khan (1880-1901)
  • 4.416 GB Relations with Great Britain
  • Breitengrad / Längengrad34.348077 / 62.192608
    Google Earth34°20ʹ N / 62°10ʹ E
    Survey of India MapSheet 29, Herat (1916): Herat, P 24

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