RS 387 und 388 — Gazergah von Westen
Gesamtansicht des Wallfahrtsortes Gazergah von Westen.
[Filmverzeichnis:] Die Oase.
- R. Stuckert (1994): Erinnerungen an Afghanistan, S. 66: „Ausserhalb der Stadt liegt das am besten erhaltene Bauwerk, Gazar-Gah, mit dem Grabmal des Dichters Ansari vor dem Haupt-Aywan. Die Gebäudegruppe dient vielen Blinden als Heimstätte, die von den milden Gaben der Wallfahrer leben. Hier kann man im Keramikschmuck eine reizvolle Verbindung des timuridisch-mongolischen Erbes mit der Kunst Persiens erkennen.“
- C. E. Yate (1888): Northern Afghanistan or Letters from the Afghan Boundary Commission, S. 33–34: “Next to the Musalla, the prettiest and most famous shrine in the neighbourhood is Gazargah—the residence of the Mir of Gazargah, one of the richest and most influential divines in the Herat province. Gazargah lies up at the foot of the hills some 2 miles to the north-east of the city. The shrine is distinguishable from afar by the huge lofty square-topped mass of building over a high arch—the usual feature of all sacred buildings in this part of the world. The shrine is well worth a visit, if only to see the simple yet handsome tomb of the Amir Dost Muhammad, and the handsome carved marble-work on the tomb of the saint, Kwajah Abdullah Ansari. […]”
- O. v. Niedermayer; E. Diez (1924): Afganistan, Taf. 167: Ansicht von Gazergah von Norden.
- R. N. Frye (1948): Two Timurid Monuments in Herat, in: Artibus Asiae 11/3, S. 213: diese Aufnahme: “fig. 9 The oasis of Gâzurgâh from the road to Herat.”
- L. Golombek (1969): The Timurid Shrine at Gazur Gah, S. 16–17: “Two kilometres northeast of the city of Herat, spread among the foothills of the mountain known as ‘Zangir Gah’, lies the village of Gazur Gah. The mountain is part of the chain running east to west beneath the southern slope of which flows the Hari-Rud. The mountains are broken up by valleys running north to south which fill with water in the winter season and bring greenery to an otherwise barren countryside. Gazur Gah has always been considered the ‘garden’ of Herat, owing to the relative abundance of fruit trees and fresh water springs.”
“The village itself is situated in the plain below the mountain, but along the slopes of the mountain is a vast cemetery that dates back centuries before the construction of any of the standing buildings in the village. The modern houses of the village cluster around a group of medieval monuments which constitute the ‘shrine complex.’ […]”
S. 18: “Gazur Gah has always, since the 11th century, been a major Sunnite centre of pilgrimage in the northeastern Iranian world. […]”
- D. Brandenburg (1977): Herat, S. 41–42: zur Geschichte des Wallfahrtortes.
- W. Ball (1981): Archaeological Gazetteer of Afghanistan, S. 103–104: Gazurgah.
- R. Samizay (1981): Islamic Architecture in Herat, S. 64: “Some 5 km northeast of the old town of Herat, near the mountain range of Zanjirgah, lies the village of Gazargah where the shrine of the muslim mystic and writer Abdullah Ansari is located. Gazargah has been a place of sacred worship from ancient times. The term 'gazargah' literary means a 'place for laundry'. It is believed that there used to be a laundry where mystics washed their clothes. But others believe that the name Gazargah comes from the term 'karzargah' meaning 'battle ground'. This explanation in itself also has a rather logical historical background. It is said that in the 9th century A.D., a bloody battle took place in the area leaving many dead bodies that were later buried in seven deep wells known as 'Haft Chah'. This tragic incident further consecrated the name and the area, turning it into a place of religious pilgrimage.”; S. 65: Plan.
- L. Golombek; D. Wilber (1988): The Timurid architecture of Iran and Turan. Pläne von Gazergah.
RS 387 und 388
Rudolf Stuckert 1940-1946
RS 387-412, Herat, Gazergah
Originalabzug 43/58 mm