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SdA 2-22 — Palais de bagh-e shahi à Jalalabad

Vue frontale du palais de bagh-e shahi, prise de l’est, dans son état original, construit sous l’émir Abdur Rahman, mais après une première modification, qui a ajoutée le double escalier au centre et la terrasse sous les arcs. En face du bâtiment un bassin d’eau rectangulaire, encadré par des pots de fleurs et des réverbères. A gauche et à droite six bancs en bois. A noter particulièrement la symétrie stricte de la prise et des bâtiments, comme on peut la constater sur d’autres planches de cette série, notamment SdA 2-02 (ayn ul-emarat), 2-05 (qawmi bagh), 2-06 et 2-09 (zayn ul-emarat), sur 2-20 (manzel bagh), 2-23 (bagh-e shahi) et sur la planche SdA 2-27 (seraj ul-emarat) ainsi que sur la planche 2-32 (jardin du bagh-e shahi).
BAGHI-CHAHI DJELAL-ABAD \\ bagh-e shahi / jalalabad.
  • Souvenir d'Afghanistan, SdA 1-26 et 3-157 : identiques.
  • Collection Emil Rybitschka, ER 096 : Etat original sous l’émir Abdur Rahman Khan.
  • Mujal-e kabul 2/7, No. 19 (1311-1932), f.p. 686 : planche coloriée SdA 1-26 identique, coupée de la collection et collée dans le journal, «bagh-e shahi jalalabad».
  • Gray, J. (1895) : At the court of the Amir, p. 17 : «It is a large white building, standing in the midst of well laid out gardens, in which are many varieties of Eastern and European fruit-trees and flowers. The Palace was semi-European in its internal decoration. […] There was a large central hall with a domed roof, and smaller rooms at the side. […]»
  • Sultan Mahomed Khan (1900) : The life of Abdur Rahman, Amir of Afghanistan, Vol. 2, p. 104 : «All my residential palaces are built on sites that command a beautiful view, and in a bright, breezy place. They are surrounded by gardens and flowers, and they are built in such a style that it is possible in the same building to have warm rooms for winter use, and open verandahs with large windows for the summer. The rooms are so arranged that the spring blossoms may be watched as they break from the trees, and the gorgeous yellow hues of the autumn, and the dazzling falls of the winter snow and the moonlight nights are enjoyed by all the inmates of my palaces who take the trouble to sit at theses windows.»
  • Hamilton, A. (1906) : Afghanistan, p. 404 : le même bâtiment dans son état original, sans escalier, «Abdur Rahman’s palace at Jelalabad».
  • Imperial Gazetteer of India (1908) : Afghanistan and Nepal, p. 68 : «Two hundred yards from the west gate of the city is a palace belonging to the Amir, but now rarely occupied by him. It is a striking building, constructed about 1892, in a garden 200 yards square, surrounded by high walls. The palace measures about 135 by 144 feet, has large underground rooms for use in the hot season, and a wide veranda all round, from which a charming view is obtained of the valley and adjacent hills.»
  • Thornton, E. et A. (1910) : Leaves from an Afghan scrapbook, p. 98 : «It is in this city that the old palace of Amir Abdur Rahman stands, with its whitewashed exterior and beautifully decorated ceilings of old oil-tins painted by native artists. Its furniture is somewhat mixed, consisting of lovely, carved-walnut suites and cane-bottomed chairs. The walls are hung with pictures cut from almanacs, and common oleographs. But it is the carpet in the Durbar Hall which takes one’s eye – a large hand-made carpet, which feels more like silk than wool, and covers the whole floor from end to end;  and, on closer examination, variations in its design show that more than one generation has assisted in its making. A spacious garden surrounds this palace, and has a central irrigation canal. Two small ponds about 4 to 5 feet deep are stocked with goldfish, which afford amusement for the page-boys. There are walks made through orange-groves, where in springtime the air becomes heavily laden with scent.»
  • Jewett, A.C ;  Bell. M. (1948) : An American Engineer in Afghanistan, le même bâtiment, vue de la même côté, dans son état original, p. 141 : «The old palace at Jalalabad, built by Abdur Rahman. Its inner walls were nine feet thick.» ; p. 164 : «Koti Shahi, the old palace nearby which was built by Abdur Rahman, gives a much finer appearance than any of those erected by the present Amir. It is a fine brick structure, much better built, with heavy inner walls nine feet thick. A large dome crowning the centre of the building is thirty-seven feet from the floor. The architecture and general appearance of the palace have been rather spoiled by a grand lean-to built on it by His Majesty.»
  • Dupree, N.H. (1977) : An historical guide to Afghanistan, p. 212 : «The ornate and graceful Bagh-i-Shahi (King’s Gardens) built by Amir Abdur Rahman (1880-1901) on the banks of the Kabul River which has endured constant renovation is occupied by the Governor and closed to the public.»
  • Adamec, L.W. (1985) : Kabul And Southeast Afghanistan, pp. 297-300 : Jalalabad (Town).
  • McChesney, R.D. (Ed., 2013) : The history of Afghanistan: Fayz Muhammad Katib Hazarah’s “Siraj al-tawarikh”, Vol. 3-1, p. 90 : «Also this year [1883], at the order of His Majesty, an enclosing wall was constructed around the Bagh-i Shahi in Jalalabad and over the course of some two to five years, through the expenditure of a large amount of money, the surrounding wall with rooms along the western side, a sublime royal palace, a domed entry gate, and rooms outside the gate were constructed, as will be related in due course – God willing. In 1305/1887-88, after laying out fragrant terraces, avenues, fountains, two large cistern-reservoirs on the east and west sides of the private royal palace, introducing a large canal, and planting orange, cypress and other trees, a marble inscription was mounted high on the entrance to the palace which stood facing the entry gate to the park on its southern side. […]» ; p. 221 : «During the previous events [March 1886], Brigadier ‘Abd al-Subhan Khan, an Indian engineer working for the government of Afghanistan, was assigned by His Majesty to Jalalabad to build a felicity-surrounding palace inside the Bagh-i Shahi of Jalalabad and to construct inner and outer chambers for it. Over the course of three years he completed the work, […]» ; p. 405 : «Also at this time, on the eighteenth of Rabi’ al-Sani/3 January 1888, His Majesty left [for Jalalabad …] Since the construction of the private quarters of the Bagh-i Shahi had not yet reached the requisite state of completion and was as yet unsuitable for the status and dignity of His Majesty, he stopped at the estate of (the late) Wazir Muhammad Akbar Khan, today known as the Bagh-i Kawkab, […]»
Image No.
SdA 2-22
Souvenir d’Afghanistan 1925-1927
SdA 2 (grand format, 1926) 01 à 51 : Roi Amanullah
148/192 mm (broché : + 21 mm marge) couverture orange, rouge ou verte
Version noir et blanc : excellente version coloriée : flou dû à la colorisation
Place, date
Jalalabad, 190?
  • 0801. Jalalabad
  • 1.57 Pictures of Landscapes, Cities
  • 3.825 Representative / Administrative Buildings
  • 4.365 Abdur Rahman Khan (1880-1901)
  • 4.366 Emir Habibullah (1901-1919)
  • Latitude / Longitude34.436350 / 70.456730
    Google Earth34°26’11'' N / 70°27’27'' E / 570 m

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